Archaeologists discovered 13,000 years old evidence of interpersonal human violence in Sudan

Recently researchers have come across evidence of prehistoric violence in the Nile valley of Africa. Archaeologists have found the remains of sixty-one persons (Skeletons) buried in the Jebel Sahabas cemetery.

The archaeological evidence points toward the rise of violence that may be occurred in the late Pleistocene era (13.4 ka years ago). In past, archaeological excavations had done at the same site in the 1960s but the material findings and the results were doubtful. In the current investigation, a complete microscopic analysis of the nature of every osseous lesion has been done by researchers. Apart from new investigations, old data have been also reinvestigated for a better understanding of site formation and reconstruction of ancient human behavioural patterns. The researchers have identified these late Pleistocene people as the semi-sedentary groups of hunter-fisher-gatherers.

As of now, Jebel Sahaba is one of the most primitive archaeological sites with evidence of interpersonal human violence on the planet. Researchers have identified around 100 non-documented healed and unhealed lesions on the skeletons of the victims. It also comprises some embedded lithic weapons. Most devastation was done using projectile weapons. This new study also confirms the evident interpersonal acts of violence in human society. Researchers have dismissed the theory that the site reflects only one warfare event. The presence of both healed and unhealed lesions and burial disturbance points towards multiple warfare events. The data shows evidence of 26.2% perimortem trauma signs and 62.3% healed and/or unhealed traumas.

The radiocarbon dating of the site confirms a range of dates between 13.4 and 18.2 ka. These dates have made the archaeological site of Jebel Sahaba the oldest cemetery in the valley of the Nile. Scholars point towards the regional and environmental pressures (caused by climate change) as the reason for frequent conflicts between these people of Nile Valley

The literary meaning of Jebel Sahaba is Mountain of the Companions. It is a prehistoric cemetery archaeological site in the Nile Valley in Sudan. The site was allied with the Qadan culture (12 k to 15 k yrs.). Jebel Sahaba was discovered in 1964 by Fred Wendorf and his team.

For original published article, click on scientific reports .

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