QUTUB complex is a collection of monuments and buildings from the Delhi Sultanate at Mehrauli in Delhi, the capital of India. Qutub Minar is main attraction of complex. It was named after Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, a Sufi saint of Delhi.
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The Qutub Minar is the 73 meter high tower that has reigned supreme over the city of Delhi for hundreds of years and remains the tallest brick tower in the world. Its history is more than just a simple story. So what we do know is that India’s first Muslim ruler, the first sultan, Qutubuddin Aibak, commissioned this minar in 1199 AD when he was commander of the Ghurid ruler, Ghiyasuddin Ghori. But just as the first floor was built, Aibak died. And then his successor Iltutmish continued the work of his father-in-law, Aibak, and added more floors to this tower. Aibak and Iltutmish both started out the same way — they were both slaves who eventually became kings. As sons, they were sold and resold from one master to another in the Persian market. This is also why their dynasty — India’s first Muslim dynasty — was called the Mamluk dynasty — Mamluk in Arabic means property. Slaves were property. The two, Iltutmish and Aibak, spent their childhood as slaves around the town of Jam in Afghanistan which has a tower similar to Qutub Minar so that most likely shaped their idea of power & amp; reign in their minds, and that’s why they made it when they became rulers. But Qutub Minar is unlikely to bring the joy it brings to its present visitors when it is rebuilt, a native of Delhi. Because at that time, Ghurid’s arrival to Delhi was the biggest shift in power anyone had ever witnessed.
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Ghurid has defeated the Rajputs and established the first Muslim government in Delhi. Imagine their confusion and horror towards the Delhi people. But history is always written by winners. Qutub Minar tries to tell us many things through Arabic script and Nagori on this inscription tells us about Qutbuddin Aibak destroying some of the pavilions that had existed on this site before Minar, but it is not stated that he did this to increase the minar instead. It really throws us off balance because if the pavilion is removed to build the tower — that’s what the inscription proudly tells us. But they didn’t. From these writings, we know that here must have been Hindu temples that were reconstructed, renovated in some way. Looking at the inscriptions, we don’t even find a single mention of Qutbuddin Aibak, except for only one. On the other hand, we find more references that this minar was an offering of Iltutmish, the successor of Qutubuddin Aibak, to the Muslim saint Qutbuddin BakhtiarKaki, so this monument might just be for him. Which makes sense because along Qutub Minar a mosque was assigned which became the first mosque in northern India — the Quwwat ul Islam mosque. And the idea is that this minar should be used by the muezzin for the call to prayer, except for the Qutub Minar which is 5 floors high .. it has 379 steps.
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A nightmare prospect for an old muezzin to climb 5 floors every X days 5 times, and shout the call to prayer … which no one on the ground will be able to hear, let alone in that neighborhood. And is it really all right for a place with religious purposes that still allows the remains of previous Hindu religious buildings, such as the lotus, this kalash, these temple bells to remain when they could be easily destroyed and removed like many others exist? Other evidence shows that Qutub does not come from the name Qutbuddin Aibak or the name of a saint but in Arabic it is called astronomy. This brings us to the fact that Mehrauli comes from the Sanskrit name Mihira-awali, dating from the time when Varaha Mihira, an astronomer under the protection of king Vikramaditya, lived in this region around the 4th century BC. and has a tall tower for astronomical studies, surrounded by 27 pavilions for the 27 constellations of the Hindu zodiac. In Tarikh i Alai — a note by Alauddin Khilji left by his contemporaries Amir Khusrau, blessed him, tells of Khilji who founded this Alai darwaza here and also had ambitions to build a rival tower that was taller than Qutub Minar itself. Of course, that never happened because Khilji commissioned the work in 1311 and died in 1316 when the work was stopped. So now you just find the first floor sitting there awkwardly — the first floor.
I guess we’ll never get to know the true history of Qutub Minar and that’s because
1) records are lost,
2) history doesn’t happen in a clear and linear pattern — and
3) unfortunately it was written by the winners, rewritten by those who won the next or manipulated by people who couldn’t write it in the first place. So now it’s up to the monument itself to tell its story through the walls. Keep us in mind of the amla motif that has been used in Khajuraho temples. This is gooseberry. The gooseberry idea is very sacred to Hindus. This hexagon right here — the first look might tell you that it is a symbol of Judaism. Which is true. But in truth, this hexagon is common to Judaism, Islam, Christianity, and even Buddhism. and even in some prehistoric tribes as far as Mexico. In Hinduism it means shiv-shakti — the union of masculine and feminine energies, thus representing cosmic creation. In Islam, it is the Star of David and the Seal of Solomon. In another philosophy, this same star symbolizes the union of man and god .. makes us all have to contemplate. When humans screw up history, it’s up to these desolate stones to whisper the best stories and Qutub Minar seems to be doing a pretty enchanting job.
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Apart from the Qutb Minar and the Quwwat ul-Islam Mosque, other structures in the complex include the Alai Gate, the Alai Minar, the Iron pillar, the ruins of several earlier Jain temples, and the tombs of Iltutmish, Alauddin Khalji and Imam Zamin.