Hidden Culture Of Himalayan Sikkim Of India

Sikkim is a land of beautiful ethnic groups living with various tribes. All of these diverse tribes and communities have unique characteristics apart from certain styles of dance, festivals, languages, cultures and craft styles. Various races, religions and languages ​​can be found everywhere in Sikkim.

Hidden Culture Of Himalayan Sikkim Of India
Photo by Pulak Bhagawati on Unsplash

Nepali is the first language of Sikkim, and Repcha and Sikkim (Butiya) are also spoken in parts of this northeast. The Sikkim people also speak English. Other languages ​​include Kafle, Limbu, Majhwar, Yakha, Tamang, Tibetan and Sherpa.


The food of the Sikkim people shows the culture of this province, namely the melange of India, Nepal, Bhutan and Tibet. Due to the extremely cold climate, Sikkim’s diet consists mostly of noodles, Gundruk and Shinki soup, Tukpa, pickled tomatoes, traditional cottage cheese, fermented soybeans, bamboo shoots, fermented rice products, and other fermented dishes. I’ll. In fact, rice is the country’s main food. Also known as dumplings and dumplings, peaches are popular not only among Sikkim people but among tourists as well. When it comes to non-vegetarian food, they prefer fish, beef and pork. Those who come to explore Sikkim will never miss the great opportunity to taste the very famous and delicious peach here, which has a variety of ingredients from beef to chicken to pork. Steamed food is mainly found here, masala is used less often, but other local herbs and spices are used. And the Sikkim people prefer drinks along with foods such as local beer, whiskey and lamb.

Photo by Abhishek Sanwa Limbu on Unsplash

People in Sikkim love to eat and cook some of the tastiest food available in the northeast, of which peaches are one of the most popular. Sikkim’s dish consists mainly of noodles, tukpa, soup and other fermented dishes due to the extremely cold climate. But rice is the main food ingredient. Also known as dumplings and dumplings, peaches are not only popular with locals but tourists as well. People who come to Sikkim will never miss the chance to taste the delicious peaches here, which contain a variety of ingredients from chicken to pork to beef. It’s mainly boiled and steamed here, and masala is rarely used, but other local herbs and spices are used. The food here is always accompanied by drinks such as local beer, lamb and whiskey.

People in the state grow crops such as wheat, barley, buckwheat, shikokubie, potatoes and soybeans. During the fermentation process, many unseasoned vegetables can be preserved, which is the traditional way.

Photo by Amit Jain on Unsplash


Sikkim are like beautiful garlands decorated with stunning colors and the essence of various flowers, in the form of enchanting folk dances, customs and traditions of different tribes and castes. Their abundant religious festivals bring with them ceremonial mask dances performed by monks with extra energy and enthusiasm. Shiny swords and jewels increase the reliability of your performance while dancing to the echoes of drums and trumpet trumpets. Saga Dawa is one of the auspicious festivals celebrated by people who believe in Daijo Buddhism.

In addition, they went to the monastery and served butter lamps with prayers. After that, a colorful procession decorated by monks chanting scriptures walks around the city of Sikkim. The earliest inhabitants of the state. Prior to becoming a Buddhist and Christian, Repcha was a follower of the Bon and Bulan spiritual beliefs.

Photo by Manav Agarwal on Unsplash

Nature spirits, such as mountains, rivers and forests, were generally considered gods. Panlabo Sol is one of the festivals they celebrate when they thank Mount Kanchenjunga, which is considered to be the strong guardian of the state. The Desian Festival, like the Hindu Dashara festival, is celebrated from September to October, symbolizing the victory of good over evil, and the Diwali Festival is celebrated 10 days after Dasian. After that, a very solemn Kagat dance is performed every 28th or 29th of the Tibetan calendar. Apart from that, there are several festivals that are celebrated by the Sikkim people. Namely Losoong, Namoong, Labab Duchen, Yuma-Sam-Manghim, Tendong-Iho-Rum-Fat and so on.

Religion plays an important role in the lives of the Sikkim people. The two major religions that are actively followed in the state are Buddhism and Hinduism. In fact, Buddhism has emerged as the main religious practice practiced by the majority of Tibetans and Butiyaas. Hindus enthusiastically follow the Nepalese. Apart from Buddhism and Hinduism, religions such as Christianity and Islam are also practiced by many religions.

Photo by James Wheeler on Unsplash

India’s most important festival is very interesting in Sikkim. In addition, there are several regional festivals in Sikkim, including Rosal, Luson, Sagadawa, Rababduechen, Dolpukatesi and Bumchu, which are celebrated by Buddhist groups. Rosal — Tibetan New Year in mid-December is an important state festival with most government agencies and tourist centers closed for the week.

Apart from biodiversity, Sikkim is also rich in traditions and culture. There are many trade shows and festivals that are celebrated in glamorous and glamorous circumstances. Many of the state’s festivals are celebrated according to the Buddhist calendar. People wear traditional costumes and colorful masks and celebrate the festival to the beat of musical instruments.

Arts & Crafts

Sikkim also boasts a rich handicraft culture. In fact, the state government continues to make efforts to promote Sikkim arts and crafts. For that, he founded the Craft and Handloom Institute. It is dedicated to preserving and encouraging traditional cottage arts and crafts with original Sikkim designs. Weaving machines and handicrafts consist of rugs, carved wooden furniture, tankers and canvas wall hangings.


The Sikkim people are famous for their beautiful mask dances. Additionally, Singicham and Yak Cham are popular Tibetan dance styles. Butiya’s famous dances are Be Yu Mista, Lu Khangthamo, Gha to Kito, Chi Rimu and Tashi Zaldha. Nepalis love to visit Marni, Tamancello, Dannachi, Daura Jane and Sebrnachi. Repcha enjoys dance styles such as Zomar Rock, Chufat, Calg Nok Rock, Dharma Joe, Mondraia Clock, Tendon Lofat, and Munheit Rock. 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *