Khatt Shebib: The Ancient Wall Of Jordan

The Great Wall of China is famous in the world as the longest wall on the planet. But there are a lot of other walls in this world. Khatt Shebib is just another wall in another part of the World. Etymologically, Khatt means line. The wall is also known as Hableh among the locals. The wall is also known as the great wall of Jordan. This exceptional ancient wall is located in the Maan city of Southern regions of Jordan. The archaeological evidences of Khatt Shebib comprise barbicans, quarters, housing, etc. The wall is oriented in south and north directions from Ras Al Naqab to Wadi Al Hasa and approximately 150 kilometres in the length. From the aspects of measurement records, it is the lengthiest lined historical place in the Levant region.

Archaeological evidences of wall , Credits By: John Winterburn (flickr)

In the last century, this archaeological site has become famous among the researchers of the world. The wall was created by the semi-nomadic Bedouin communities of the desert of Jordan from 539 BCE to 332 BCE. The Bedouin people’s main occupation was herding and farming. In the past, this wall was used for soldierly and defence motives. It is one of the best examples of the defence mechanisms in the world. Some historians believe that it was used for land partition, not for fortification purposes.

Archaeologists also believe that the wall was represented a restriction of Nomads that were trying to settle on the mainland. There are a lot of Safaitic period inscriptions found in this area. But the function of this wall is still unknown. Many people thought that it was a boundary between two empires or states. The landscape of the wall and its peripheries is so mesmerizing. The Rocket mountains and desert of huge sand dunes can be seen from the wall. The creation of the wall is also amazingly interesting. It was constructed from existing nearby big stones. The main types of stones were limestone, flint, etc.

The origin of the wall has been traced to the Nabataean Period. The archaeological research and history of the Khatt Shebib go back to the British period of Jordan. The evidences of the Khatt Shebib were first acknowledged by colonial English archaeologists in 1948. But genuine archaeological documentation was initiated in 1982 by the Department of Antiquities of Jordan. A batch of archaeologists from Jordan started a ground mission in 1992. This archaeological process of understanding this wall is still under process. According to regional researchers, this wall is the planet’s 2nd longest wall after the world’s famous great wall of China.

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