The boy grew up in an era of racism. The dreamer was driven by the leaders of the modern civil rights movement . This was Martin Luther King Jr. We listened to him in his house where he was born and where he played as a kid. We heard his voice in the church where he moved his heart and soul. Admire how he was a tool for social change.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was a social activist and Baptist minister. He importantly participated and was prominent face in the American civil rights movement from the mid-1950s to until 1968 murder. King sought equality and human rights for economically disadvantaged African-Americans. He was a victim of fraud in peaceful protests. He was the main person behind important events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Great Washington March in 1963, and contributed to the enactment of innovative legislation, i.e., the Civil and Voting Rights. King won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 and is remembered annually at Martin Luther King’s Day Junior, a US federal holiday since 1986.
King comes from a comfortable middle-class family and was immersed in the traditions of the Southern Black Ministry. Both his father and his maternal grandfather were Baptist preachers. His parents are college-educated, and King’s father took over as pastor of the famous Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. The family, many years before the civil rights movement, was also known as the “Sweet Auburn” on the bustling “Blackwell Street” with some of the country’s largest and most prosperous black companies and black churches.
Young Martin was highly educated and grew up in a large, loving family.
King was 12 years old when his grandmother Jenny died of a heart attack in May 1941. When King died, he saw the parade against the wishes of his parents. Disturbed by the news, the young king jumped out of a window on the second floor of his family’s house suspected of suicide.
King attended Booker T. Washington High School and was said to be a precocious student. He skipped 9th and 11th grades and entered Morehouse College in Atlanta in 1944 at the age of 15. He was a very popular student with female classmates, but he has been an unmotivated student for his first two years.
In his first major civil rights movement, Martin Luther King Jr. Presides over the Montgomery Bus Boycott. In Montgomery, King was a prominent leader in the civil rights movement. In 1955, when Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give whites a seat on the bus, local leaders formed an organization to protest Parks’ arrest and chose King as the group leader. In this position, he was the main spokesman for the Montgomery Bus Boycott for 382 days. During the boycott, King was persecuted and arrested, and his home was bombed, but he remained a stubborn and loyal leader.
King likes Thoreau’s idea that men do not obey evil or unjust laws. And he began to look for even more difficult ways to fight crime. He read the books of the greatest thinkers and writers in the world. Then one day he heard a speech about Mahatma Gandhi, the great leader of India.
Gandhi won his freedom from British rule (1947). And he did it in a very unusual way. Early on, he told people not to use violence against the British. He told them to fight the British only in a peaceful way. They will line up. They sit on the road and lie down. They attack. They boycott British goods.
Gandhi also read Thoreau’s essay. He also believes that men have the right not to obey unfair laws. Like Thoreau, he believes he should be willing to go to jail if someone violates such a law.
Martin Luther King Jr. since the Montgomery Bus Boycott’s start. Mahatma Gandhi in India is called the “Guide to Nonviolent Ways of Social Change.” Following the success of the boycott in 1956, King considered traveling to India to better understand Gandhi’s principles. For King, “India is a country where technology for nonviolent social change used by my people in Montgomery, Alabama, and elsewhere in the southern United States is being developed .”
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